Phonological awareness training is an evidence-based program that:
- Teaches children who are struggling with reading acquisition to attend to the sound structure of spoken language.
- Helps children recognize that sentences are made up of words, and that words are made up of syllables and individual sounds (phonemes).
- Develops an understanding of the alphabetic principle —that sounds in spoken language are represented by letters.
- Facilitates the acquisition of reading skills, and its effects last well beyond the completion of the training.
Research has shown that children who are struggling with the acquisition of early reading skills who are provided with systematic and explicit phonological awareness training learn to:
- Recognize rhyming words that are presented orally
- Orally produce rhyming words
- Segment sentences presented orally into words
- Isolate syllables in words presented orally
- Blend syllables to form words in spoken language
- Segment words presented orally into syllables
- Isolate phonemes in words presented orally
- Blend phonemes to form words in spoken language
- Segment words presented orally into phonemes
- Recognize that letters are used to represent phonemes in spoken language
- Manipulate phonemes using letters
- Apply their phonological awareness skills in reading tasks
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